Cap rate or the capitalization rate is utilized by property buyers to evaluate the property they want to buy; the Cap rate helps them in deciding whether they should put their money in the property or not.
What is a cap rate and how it works?
As mentioned above, capitalization is a formula that buyers frequently use as a tool to assess a property investment dependent on a one-year time frame. The cap rate is used to determine if the investment in the property being considered will be a lucrative deal or not.
The capitalization rate is determined by the property’s annual returns, which means if a real estate performed good or bad for 12 consecutive months, this will be showed up in the calculations of the cap rate. Also, here one thing investors should pay attention to is – the cap rate is determined for one year only, hence if the property has performed poorly for past few years, it cannot be determined by the cap rate. So, instead of using only the cap rate to determine the worth of a property, investor should take help from experts and other tools to check if the property will be a good deal or not.
Then why cap rate is still important?
With all its advantages and disadvantages, cap rate is still important if you want to invest in commercial property in Noida because it helps the investors to evaluate the property based on the property’s current market value and net operating income. It offers the buyers an initial yield on the property. A buyer should look at investing in a property with rising cap rate and analyze the fact that there is an increase in income as compared to its prices. Interestingly, decreasing cap rate indicates that the property has earned lower income relative to its price.
Calculating the Cap rate
Cap Rate = Net Operating Income / Current Property Value
In words, the capitalization rate is the NOI divided by the value of the property. As discussed, the cap rate is calculated annually. Sometimes, investors make use of the occupancy rate to calculate the cap rate, occupancy rate inclusive cap rate is considered more accurate provided the investor has the occupancy rate details.
How to find the NOI?
It is quite easy to find the NOI, it is subtracting the gross rental income from the property’s operating costs. This isn’t come out similar to the property’s purchase price. If as an investor, you have decided to make use of occupancy rate to determine the cap rate, then you have to do multiple calculations –
1.)First, take the property’s gross rental income (GRI)
2.)Multiply GRI by the occupancy rate
3.)Finally subtract your operating expenses
Factors That Affect Cap Rate
Different buyers perceive good or bad cap rate differently. Variable cap rates are seen among types and categories of commercial and residential real estate. However, there are many factors that affect the capitalization rate, which typically include –
1.)Location – The location of the property propels demand and drives the economy of the area under consideration. Generally, good location means high property value and higher rental, hence for the good location the cap rate remains unchanged.
2.)Asset class – commercial properties have higher cap rates than the residential properties, hence it is considered profitable to invest in commercial properties.
3.)Availability of inventory – This means the number of units available in a particular area, lower the number, higher the demand.
4.)Interest rates –increasing rate of interest means a decrease in the value of a property; increased interest rates = increased debts = decreased net cash flow, which means rising interest rates will lead to lower capitalization rates.
The Bottom Line
Buyers make use of the capitalization rate to help determine the profit quotient of the property, taking into account the property’s current market value and NOI. The formula is used to demonstrate the would-be rate of return on a particular property.